Accommodating students with learning disabilities dating violence laws pennsylvania
Developmental histories have revealed that a number of the children suffering from nonverbal learning disorders who have come to clinical attention have at some time early in their development: (1) sustained a moderate to severe head injury, (2) received repeated radiation treatments on or near their heads over a prolonged period of time, (3) congenital absence of the corpus callosum, (4) been treated for hydrocephalus, or (5) actually had brain tissue removed from their right hemisphere.All of these neurological insults involve significant destruction of white matter (long myelinated fibers in the brain) connections in the right hemisphere, which are important for intermodal integration.The competence of an individual, in our present-day society, is most often judged by their verbal proficiencies.A person who speaks eloquently and has a well-developed vocabulary tends to be accorded more credibility than an individual who makes constant grammatical errors and demonstrates a limited vocabulary.Since diminished access to and/or disordered functioning of the right-hemisphere systems impedes all understanding and adaptive learning, it is fair to say (as Helmer R.Myklebust did in 1975) that nonverbal learning disabilities "are more debilitating than verbal disabilities." The specific central processing abilities and deficits that characterize this syndrome are now well defined. There is no question that most scholastic accomplishments are measured and defined through language-based communication.Although intelligence measures are designed to evaluate both the verbal and nonverbal aspects of intelligence, educators tend to ignore evidence of nonverbal deficiencies in students.
We are all aware of the important role language plays in human learning. We are all familiar with "non-verbal communication," but few professionals have been specifically trained to look for deficits in this area. Yet, it has been found that more than 65% of all communication is actually conveyed nonverbally.The NLD syndrome reveals itself in impaired abilities to organize the visual-spatial field, adapt to new or novel situations, and/or accurately read nonverbal signals and cues. Although academic progress is made, such a student will have difficulty "producing" in situations where speed and adaptability are required.Whereas language-based learning disorders have been shown to be genetic in origin, heredity has not, as yet, been linked to NLD.
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But, this is often exactly the presentation a child with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD) syndrome manifests in the early elementary grades.